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Cambodian Comedy in Film: Unmasking Society Through Laughter
Posted on September 1, 2023
In the world of cinema, there exists a genre that holds a special place in our hearts – comedy. From loud laughter to sharp wit, comedy films have served as a universal source of entertainment, going beyond cultures and languages. However, Cambodia’s brand of comedy, although distinct from what you might expect in theaters, has untapped potential. As the demand for quality comedic entertainment grows, Cambodia can also explore more comedic styles.
Cambodia’s relationship with comedy is a tale of twists and turns. From the exile of satirical cartoonists like Ung Bun Heang to the outright bans on political comedies and plays, the nation’s comedic journey has been anything but safe. Often associated with stereotypical depictions of “goofy” characters engaged in raucous confrontations, Khmer comedy has stayed mildly funny in a complicated road in history.
Comedy Films: A Brief Evolution
The history of comedy in cinema affected Cambodia in its film development. Pioneers like Charlie Chaplin and the Three Stooges cemented physical comedy into cinematic history during the silent film era. As technology evolved into the era of sound, verbal humor was added to films. Over time, comedy films evolved, mirroring shifting societal traditions and tastes. Several comedic styles emerged:
1. Slapstick Comedy: This brand of comedy thrives on exaggerated physical actions and humorous mishaps. Think of characters slipping on banana peels or ensnared in absurd predicaments; it’s all about visual gags and physical humor.
2. Screwball Comedy: Renowned for its rapid-fire dialogue and chaotic scenarios, screwball comedy often features eccentric characters navigating through humorous misunderstandings. It is often associated with romantic comedies.
3. Satirical Comedy: This genre employs irony, sarcasm, and exaggeration to lampoon and comment on societal matters, politics, or cultural norms. It aims to provoke thought while evoking laughter.
4. Dark Comedy: Dark comedy finds amusement in situations typically considered grim or macabre. It dares to challenge conventional norms and expectations.
5. Parody: Parody films playfully imitate and amplify the style and characteristics of other films or genres, creating humor, often of a satirical nature, and paying homage while poking fun.
Khmer Comedy: A Unique Flair
In Cambodia, the comedy films frequently are based on slapstick comedy, with exaggerated physical actions, misinterpretations, and impeccable comedic timing, making people laugh through sheer absurdity. Cambodian comedy films often feature playful characters who get involved in chaotic situations. Their comedic timing and physical humor are universally understood.
Khmer humor’s roots stretch deep into the nation’s traditions, often seen during wedding ceremonies, where witty duos engage in playful banter in their conversations with sexual innuendos. These actions can also be interpreted as using humor to show social commentary through their characters.
LiDa Saphan, the author of “Faded Reels: The Art of Four Cambodian Filmmakers,” speculates that much of Khmer humor revolves around lewd or sexual innuendos. She suggests, “I wonder if it’s not a way to express dissent in a very traditional and conformist society. It could be used to poke fun at the conformities of marriage.”
Reflecting Societal Dynamics
A good example of humor intertwined with social commentary is the 1968 film ‘Achey Neang Kroat’ (Chey and Roat). This movie adopts a mischievously comedic tone as it follows the story of Chey, a simple-minded character, on his quest to prove himself worthy of marrying his beloved, Roat. While heavy with slapstick comedy, director Tea Lim Koun subtly adds social commentary concerning societal pressures related to marriage. ‘Achey Neang Kroat’ employs a typical Cambodian village backdrop to spotlight society’s zeal for matrimony, poking fun at conventional wedding customs with humor. Through Chey’s character, the film invites viewers to ponder how societal acceptance often hinges on marital status, even during the comedic chaos.
Chey’s role as a slow-witted character adds depth to the film. Despite his limitations, he falls in love with a village girl. His efforts to marry her are met with a series of obstacles, a blend of misunderstandings and clashes with his future in-laws. Along the way, Chey struggles with numerous Khmer idioms and colloquialisms, leading to misunderstood situations and amusing results.
Saphan observes that marriage plays a pivotal role in Khmer society. Citing data from the National Institute of Statistics (2014-2016), she notes that less than 1 percent of people over 30 have never married in Cambodia. The film portrays the journey of marriage and the importance of societal perception that individuals attain full societal status only after tying the knot.
Saphan sees the film’s authentic depiction of Khmer marriages adds depth to its use of comedy. Beyond the slapstick antics, “Achey Neang Kroat” could be classified as a screwball comedy, where traditional gender roles are inverted. “Instead of the confident man pursuing the woman, it’s the woman who dominates the courtship,” Saphan observes. “Tea Lim Koun’s framing of Chey throughout the film imparts an additional layer of cultural insight into Cambodian society and marital status: that unmarried individuals experience social exclusion.”
Khmer Comedy Today
The role of comedy in Cambodia faces a modern-day challenge, struggling to retain its depth. Political and satirical content is often censored or omitted to cater to wider audiences. Nevertheless, films like “My Hero Teacher” by Chhay Bora continue to explore societal issues through humor. The story centers on Chesda Rithy, a Khmer literature teacher dealing with financial woes, romantic entanglements, and challenges from his students.
Though the films is more seen as dark comedy, the film adds humor with real societal themes, mainly on financial struggles. It shows Rithy’s involvement with a Tontine, a communal loan system at his school. When his friend runs aways with the money, leaving Rithy burdened with the debt. The film scrutinizes the daily ethical dilemmas individuals face while struggling with financial concerns and questions the pivotal role of educators in society.
Another film, “Rent Boy,” an upcoming romantic comedy by LD Productions, also explores gender roles, primarily with a comedic focus. The film features Myanmar star Paing Takhon as a male escort alongside Miss Pich Vatey Saravathy, the 2022 winner of Miss Grand Cambodia.
Leak LyDa, a key figure at LD Productions, has been instrumental in numerous Cambodian comedies over the past decade, with titles like “Ap Wearing A Helmet” and its sequel contributing significantly to the company’s growth.
While Cambodia’s comedic film scene has traditionally proceeded cautiously, avoiding political entanglements, a growing appetite among audiences for diverse humor signals a new era. This presents a golden opportunity for comedy to soar as Cambodia’s film industry boldly explores uncharted comedic frontiers. The more innovative and varied comedic films we produce, the greater our chances of competing effectively on the international stage. It’s time for Cambodian comedy to evolve and embrace new horizons, unburdened by past constraints.
Article by Sotheavy Nou